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Barrier management is an effective process involving controls against losses. In beekeeping, barrier management system for pest and disease control minimizes risks. It also makes sure that undesirable occurrences of pest invasion and disease outbreaks in an apiary or beehive are limited. Principles of barrier management are applied in many fields and are multidisciplinary.
A structured approach in barrier management gives you the best results in pest and disease control. It allows you unique insights into the barriers you establish and their effectiveness. You are also able to follow up and monitor performance of the barriers with ease. The barrier management system for pest and disease control makes your beekeeping operation safe, with your better understanding of risks.
BeeKeepPal is an apiary management software that focuses on digitizing modern beekeeping. It brings the power of technological advances, the internet and software as a service into beekeeping operations. The software application puts massive power in the hands of both beginner and experienced beekeepers to digitally record and analyze their beekeeping operation.
This software is available via the internet, on both mobile devices and desktop computers including laptops. BeeKeepPal is a useful tool when you are setting up and running your barrier management system for pest and disease control. It helps you track the impact of the barrier management system on your production and plug in relevant operational elements in the operation such as beehive inspections. Here is a detailed look into the barrier management system for pest and disease control in beekeeping, how to implement it, and how BeeKeepPal can help you to better manage your apiaries within the system.
Setup and Implementation of a Barrier Management System in Beekeeping
1. Barrier Philosophy
Come up with a philosophy that will define and guide your barrier system. It should touch on the goals of the barrier system. This philosophy is best if it also defines the size of units in the barrier system. It can be an individual beehive or apiary wide barrier system definition of units. Your philosophy could also mention the location and person or company applying it in your beekeeping operation. When defining your units, note that large unit sizes reduce the effectiveness of the barrier management system. They however make logistics easier.
The main aim of barrier management systems in beekeeping is to keep American Foulbrood outbreaks under control. Even then, the system helps with control of other honeybee diseases and pests. For this reason, most barrier system philosophies have a high degree of similarity in the goals they mention or define. They show difference in the size of units in the system, the location they are to be applied in, and in the beekeeper applying the philosophy. A sample philosophy for example is: Applying a Barrier Management System for Pests and Disease Control in the BeeKeepClub Texas Apiaries.
2. Barrier Strategy for Each Asset
Once you have developed your system philosophy, come up with a strategy for implementation by asset. In beekeeping, the most important asset is often the honeybee colony. Have the wellbeing of the colony in mind as you come up with a strategy to implement your barrier management system. Best strategies lay emphasis on the unit (apiary or beehive) and the equipment permanently found in the unit. They also have processes and methods for the handling and use of tools and equipment that is used across units.
In large beekeeping operations, apiaries may be split into sections that are considered as individual units in the barrier management system. Developing a strategy for the general barrier system and for each asset will see you decide on the processes and activities that make up the barrier system. These processes and activities should be user-friendly for both you and your apiary laborers. Illustrating the functions, processes and activities of the barrier system is great for easy understanding when you go to the training and implementation stage.
3. Involve and Train Employees and Support Staff
Engage the people working in your apiary as much as possible in the process of developing and implementing a barrier control system. Train them well in the processes and practices they carry out. By involving them, you inspire them to apply the barrier system effectively. Poorly trained and demotivated staff in your apiary, results in lapses that can turn expensive for the beekeeping operation.
Barrier systems require use of equipment and tools within one unit only. Employees and support staff not heeding this basic tenet of barrier systems derail the entire process and render your safeguards ineffective.
Training should be done progressively, in a conducive learning environment and emphasizing on cooperation. It should make it clear that the barrier system you are implementing is a collective effort. The actions of one employee affect the entire system even when done in isolation. After the initial training, have continuing education as refreshers and to help adoption of new technologies, methods and processes.
Take time to come up with a verification process for your system. Without testing the system, you will not be sure if it is working. Verification can take many forms; you may apply one or more. The verification process should be friendly to the workers you have in the apiary and not strain your honeybee colonies. It should also be affordable. There will be many instances of verification over time. This is because verification is continuous. It contributes to your monitoring processes and helps you identify weaknesses in the barrier management system you are applying for pest and disease control in the beekeeping operation.
5. Implement the System
Setup and implement your barrier management system in the beehive or apiary. This process should be seamless and cause minimal disruption to both beekeeping operations and honeybee colonies. It is best to go through implementation gradually. A structured approach gives you proper insight into the system, how it works, its current strongpoints and areas it needs improving. You may do quick and abrupt implementation if you are in a crisis such as having an ongoing disease outbreak. Most pests and parasites in beekeeping cannot cross from one beehive to another. However, if you have heavy infestations or are faced by a pest that easily crosses from one beehive to another, you may have to quickly and abruptly install a barrier management system into place.
6. Establish Monitoring and Follow Up Processes
Establish monitoring and follow up processes for your barrier management system. These help you identify degraded and missing barriers in the beekeeping operation. You can then firm up and replace such weakened and missing barriers. Proper monitoring and evaluation is also about making sure that you make purchases and other acquisitions that are relevant to the barrier system on time. Having everything ready for replacements and additions prevents lapses that would otherwise create porosity in the system.
A proper monitoring and evaluation process includes observations you make and information gathered from various visual, audio and written reports you receive. Monitoring and following up are crucial to the continued effectiveness of the barrier system and your barrier verification processes. It is continuous from the time you put in place a barrier management system for pests and diseases and lasts for as long as the system is in use in your beekeeping operation.
7. Barrier and Management System Improvement Actions
Growth and changes in various industries give us better products and services over time. Outdated equipment and practices leave you vulnerable to risk exposure. Keep abreast of developments and new technologies that come into play in beekeeping. Adopt them when you are ready, but do not wait too long.
- Gradual and continuous improvement keeps your barrier system working effectively against both traditional and emergent threats to your apiary. Your barrier system forms an important defense against threats and risks to your beekeeping operation.
- You have to make sure it is in place and capable of doing its job as expected, at all times. Improvement supports and maintains the system in top condition so it provides the safe beekeeping environment that you need for production.
Sample Barrier Management System for Beekeeping
Typical barrier management systems in beekeeping are made for working at the apiary level. This is because the systems are more quickly adopted in large beekeeping operations. Small scale beekeepers may not have the resources to implement a barrier management system. More often, they lack the knowledge about barrier management systems. They therefore fail to apply these controls safeguarding their beekeeping operations.
Availing information to beekeepers of these small scale operations has seen them start adopting barrier management systems. They implement the system processes at the beehive level instead. This makes the barrier management very easy, effective and efficient. At bigger unit sizes, barrier management systems lower efficacy. This is because the main principle of barrier systems is limiting use of tools, equipment and other materials to one unit only.
When the basic unit in a barrier management system is a single beehive, it means that nothing leaves that individual beehive and enters another beehive. This limits the spread of pests, parasites and diseases within the apiary. Where the basic unit in a barrier system is made up of more than one beehives, interchange of items within the unit facilitates spread of infestations and disease outbreaks through the unit. In such cases, it is good practice to disinfect tools and equipment after they are used in a beehive
Challenges to the Implementation of Barrier Management Systems
Putting in place an effective barrier management system is not without its challenges. Beekeepers should anticipate and prepare for unforeseen hurdles. Most challenges come about because of the nature of honeybees and beekeeping itself. Others are due to the size of the beekeeping operation. The most unwelcome challenges are those that arise due to negligence or poor management by the beekeeper. Make sure to give your best and be in control when you are implementing and maintaining a barrier management system for pest and disease control. The BeeKeepPal apiary management software application helps you beat nearly all of these challenges you might face. The challenges themselves include:
1. Lack of Equipment and Important Tools
Some beekeepers might find that they do not have some materials they need. It may be because they were not aware that they need to make acquisition of the materials, or because they cannot mobilize the financial resources to buy the materials. This has an effect on the overall application and effectiveness of the barrier system.
A major challenge in this aspect is the availability of a honey extractor on site. Where the beekeeping operation is small, having a honey extractor on site may be difficult. It results in beehive frames being interchanged between beehives after honey extraction. This goes against the principles of barrier management systems. It is unlike the scenario in large beekeeping operations. These operations can easily purchase additional equipment and can mobilize transportation with greater ease to bring a honey extractor and collection equipment on site. It makes prevention of frame and beehive equipment exchange between beehives difficult.
In large beekeeping operations, the barrier system may have a group of beehives as the basic unit in the barrier system. Exchange of equipment, components and movement of beehives may happen in the group of beehives. It means that pest infestations and disease outbreaks in one or more beehives within the unit spread to the other beehives in the unit. Even then, the problem is contained in the unit, so it does not spread to the entire apiary.
2. Impractical Requirements of the Barrier Management System
Where the beekeeping operation is not well funded and equipped, meeting some requirements of the barrier system becomes very difficult. Protective clothing, equipment and tools end up being used across multiple hives since the beekeeper has to ensure production continues.
3. Delays in Carrying Out Some Activities
This usually occurs when the beekeeping operation is too big. Repetitive practices such as cleaning required by the barrier system, can lead to the beekeeper getting through the total amount of work at a poor pace. This often causes you to bring in additional labor into the beekeeping operation. It increases the cost of production in the beekeeping operation.
Apiary Barrier Management Using BeeKeepPal
Technologies to help in apiary management make the job easier and improve effectiveness of your activities. In beekeeping, the BeeKeepPal apiary management software smooths out kinks you may have in record keeping and scheduling activities. It also allows you to keep track of expenditure and incomes in your beekeeping operation, even at the apiary and beehive level. It enables you to fully understand the impact of inputs and your operation with great ease. Output from your beekeeping operation is easy to track with BeeKeepPal.
Implementing a barrier management system in your apiary is not an easy or smooth process. However, BeeKeepPal helps you eliminate some of the challenges you inevitably encounter. It analyses your data input to provide you with unmatched recommendations. These recommendations by the application are handy and timely so you minimize losses in your operation. They also help you anticipate challenges to applying a barrier management system and prepare solutions on time.
Benefits of Having BeeKeepPal in Your Apiary Barrier Systems
Visualizing the status of the beekeeping operation is easy with BeeKeepPal. Analytical reports from the software give you a detailed picture of your beekeeping operation’s history and current status. You can then easily see realistic scenarios of your operation’s future. These reports are generated from your data input and are available to you anywhere you might be. It is this ease of use and availability that sets BeeKeepPal apart from other beekeeping management software you might come across.
With BeeKeepPal in your beekeeping operation, you have access to a wide pool of in-depth information about various aspects of beekeeping. This information in your hands at any time you want keeps you ahead, and prepared to overcome any challenges that may hamper your profitability and growth in your beekeeping operation.
Adopting BeeKeepPal into your beekeeping operation is a major step towards ensuring that the controls you intend to have as part of your barrier management system come into place with ease, and remain working so that they give you the results you expect in control of pests and diseases.
Features of Effective Barrier Management Systems in Beekeeping
Barrier management systems are only as strong as their weakest points. In the systems, the central tenet is that interchange of items between beehives should be avoided. Isolated units can be made up of one beehive or a group of beehives. Strict control ensures that the barrier remains structurally sound and functioning at all times. For best working and application of a barrier management system in your beekeeping operation, look out for these features;
1. There Should be Clear Marking on Beehives and their Components
The marking is best if it is permanent. Proper marking enables easy identification of beehives and their components. It is then easy to return each component such as beehive frames to their respective beehives with ease. Other equipment that are specific to individual beehives or units within the barrier management system should also be clearly and permanently marked. These include hive beetle traps, feeders, entrance reducers and pollen traps among others.
2. Controls and Appropriate Procedures
These should be developed during initial implementation of the barrier system. They should be strictly followed by all persons in the beekeeping operation. Procedures that ensure the barrier system is intact should be decided on as early as possible. They then become the standard operating procedures that make sure your barrier system works. If they are not followed, lapses in the integrity of the system allow infectious agents and pests to get through the barrier and wreak havoc in your beekeeping operation.
3. Training and Continuous Instruction to All Persons Interacting with the Apiary
Proper and timely training in what needs to be done and how to do it should be done. All employees you have should be taken through the training. They are made to understand and appreciate that individual action and activities in the beekeeping operation affect the wellbeing of the entire operation. The training should be friendly and use content that is easy for the employees to understand. It should aim to provide the trainees with enough depth and appreciation for the barrier system you are putting in place for pest and disease control. Over time, people forget some things or find they have settled into unhealthy routines. This makes continuous training and refreshment of learned lessons important. It ensures that the barrier system is well maintained in the beekeeping operation.
Make the tracing of hive components easy by documenting your decisions, plans and outcomes in the beekeeping operation. Proper recordkeeping in the barrier management system facilitates identification of inputs and products from each unit. These records do not have to be complex. Simple records work just as fine as long as they are clear and truthful. The BeeKeepPal apiary management software is a great tool when it comes to recordkeeping. It helps you keep track of beehives and their components, as well as the other input you apply to each beehive. The software can even group your beehives to apiary level. It then goes a step further by helping you keep track of the overall beekeeping operation at company level.
5. Space, Equipment and Procedures to Hold New Input into the Beekeeping Operation in Quarantine
Freshly captured honeybee swarms, newly acquired used equipment and appliances that have been used with honeybees elsewhere, should not be immediately used in your beekeeping operation. They may harbor contaminants, disease causing agents or eggs of honeybee pests and parasites. If introduced to the apiary immediately as you get them, they could cause you untold trouble and losses. Have space and equipment to hold these bee swarms and equipment for some period of time as you observe them, and make sure they do not bring problems to your thriving beekeeping operation. Inspection, sterilization and testing for diseases are best done before you have added new acquisitions to a barrier management system unit in the field.
A Final Word
Most texts you read about barrier management systems give a recommendation that you implement the system when you have 50 or more beehives. The number, 50, is ideal by scale to finance implementation of a barrier system. Even then, it would be very sad seeing a beekeeper with 15 beehives losing their entire apiary to a problem they could have avoided by implementing a barrier management system. This is enough reason to encourage adoption of barrier systems either fully or partially in smaller beekeeping operations. It saves you from losses, and you learn how to apply the system early on in your beekeeping career. This gives you an immense repository of knowledge and experience to draw from in future, when implementing a barrier management system for pest and disease control in a large apiary.